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For our ancestors who didn’t have the benefit of a world map...

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For our ancestors who didn’t have the benefit of a world map...

Rizom - April,2018
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For our ancestors who didn’t have the benefit of a world map...

Rizom - April,2018
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For our ancestors who didn’t have the benefit of a world map...

Rizom - April,2018
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南海闲人 10月08日 03:10
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九九萌诗意 重阳喜抒怀 (唐可诗/文)    收藏
当日阅读次数:5    当日博文总阅读数: 211

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                   每年的农历九月九日是中囯传统的重阳节,今天是己亥年重阳节。

               中国人有重阳节登山话动的传统,广州人有重阳节登山转运的习俗,每到重阳节时全家老少倾巢而出参与登山活动。

                                                                                   

                     .

                中午收到广州老朋友发来登顶白云山的照片,诗意萌发,即兴赋诗一首回复老朋友,以表祝贺登山活动完満成功,同时引发一番议论抒怀。

                                                                      

                                                                                

                                                                                            .

 

                            

                                        七 绝

                          (观友人重阳登山照而作)

                               英姿煥发登云山,

                               晨鸟唱晓青春还。

                               莫叹余生道漫漫,

                               风光一路是人间。

                                                  可诗

                                           己亥年重阳节

                                       写於羊城珠水河畔

                                               2019-10-7

                                              .

                                                                                            

                                                                

                      .

                                           .

      重阳节,也叫“老人节”,因“九九”有长久、长寿之意。重阳节已有千余年历史,中国政府在1989年将每年的这一天定为“老人节”、“敬老节”,每到这一日,各地都要组织老年人登山秋游,交流感情,锻炼身体。不少家庭的晚辈也会搀扶年老的长辈到郊外活动。

                                                          

              “九”在古数中既为“阳数”,又为“极数”,指天之高为“九重”,指地之极为“九泉”,九是信仰中最崇拜的神秘数字。九月初九,日与月皆逢九,是双九,故曰“重九”,同时又是两个阳数合在一起,故称“重阳”,所以这一天为重阳日。

                                                                

                                                                                     .

                  九九重阳,因为“九九”与“久久”同音,九在数字中又是最大数,有长久、长寿之意,而且秋季也是一年收获的黄金季节,所以,“九九重阳”就被认为是祝福老人长寿的好日子。

        自古重阳节就被人们重视,如今这个节日被赋予了新的含义,成为中国的“老人节”。

                                                                               

                .

       重阳节,节期在每年的农历九月初九日,是中国民间的传统节日。重阳节源自天象崇拜,由上古时代季秋丰收祭祀演变而来。数在《易经》中为阳数,九九两阳数相重,故曰重阳;因日与月皆逢九,故又称为重九

       九九归真,一元肇始,古人认为九九重阳是吉祥的日子。古时民间在重阳节有登高祈福、秋游赏菊、佩插茱萸、拜神祭祖及饮宴祈寿等习俗。传承至今,又添加了敬老等内涵,于重阳之日享宴高会,感恩敬老。登高赏秋与感恩敬老是当今重阳节日活动的两大重要主题。 

                                                                                                 

       重阳在民众生活中成为夏冬交接的时间界标。如果说上巳、寒食是人们渡过漫长冬季后出室畅游的春节,那么重阳大约是在秋寒新至、人民即将隐居时的具有仪式意义的秋游,所以民俗有上巳“踏青”,重阳“辞青”。重阳节俗就围绕着人们的这一时季感受展开。

                                                                              

                重阳要饮“菊花酒”。九九与“久久” 同音,与“酒”也同音,因此派生出九九要喝菊花酒的这一说法。历史含义是:认为它是延寿,不老的美称。

                                                                                  

          吃羊肉面。“羊”与“阳”同音,要吃白面。羊肉性温,特别是冬季天冷时吃了防寒。秋天是羊儿最肥的季节,羊肉性暖,可以御寒。   

                                                   

                                                             羊肉面

         吃花糕,又叫重阳糕。重阳节敬老,登高以避灾。 “糕”与“高”同音,又有“步步高升的含义在里面,比较吉利。

                                                                      

                  .             清茶。吃的东西太多了必须进行一系列的消化过滤肠道,只有茶,健康,绿色饮料。  

                                                                                               

                                                                                                           .清茶

                  .

      重阳节敬老令人联想到人的長寿话题。

      古代文人骚客及诗人词家对人的衰老有不同的见解与看法,他们都在自己的作品诗词中表达无遗。唐代诗人白居易与宋代文人苏东坡就有不同的看法。

                                                                            诗人白居易

·                                                                             (1).醉歌/(唐/白居易) 

--                                                   题注:示伎人商玲珑 罢胡琴,掩秦瑟,玲珑再拜歌初毕。

                                                                   "谁道使君不解歌,听唱黄鸡与白日。 

                                                     黄鸡催晓丑时鸣,白日催年酉前没。

                                                             腰间红绶系未稳,镜里朱颜看已失。

                                                             玲珑玲珑奈老何,使君歌了汝更歌。"

                                                                       

        白居易在《醉歌》一诗中,称“黄鸡催晓”,“白日催年”,人就是在黄鸡的叫声、白日的流动中一天天变老的,因此他慨叹“腰间红绫系未稳,镜里朱颜看已失”。"白日傕年"与“黄鸡催晓" 是白居易诗中指的年华易逝的感慨,感叹人生容易衰老。

                                                                        

                                                                                                                  白居易《醉歌》诗

                  .                                          (2).浣溪沙(宋/苏东坡)

                                                           -- 游蕲水清泉寺,寺临兰溪,溪水西流。 

·                                                    "山下兰芽短浸溪,松间沙路净无泥。萧萧暮雨子规啼。  

·                                             谁道人生无再少?门前流水尚能西!休将白发唱黄鸡。"

                                                                         

                                                                                                                                  

·                        "谁道人生无再少?"苏东坡认为人年老了,也可再"年少",他相信可以重新年靑起来。

·                   " 门前流水尚能西!"我国的主要江河都是从西部流到东部,人总是从少年过度到老年。这里把流水"能西"比喻人生也能"再少"

                                                                                       

·                  “休将白发唱黄鸡”。“白发”指年老,"白日傕年"与“黄鸡催晓" 是白居易诗中指的年华易逝的感慨,感叹人生容易衰老。苏轼在这里反其意而用之:“休将白发唱黄鸡”。全句意思是不要因为自己老了就消极悲观,人生也会返老还童。

                                                                   

·                          .人类依靠科学技术的发展,已证明人是可以"再少"的,是可以"返老还童"的!

                                                                            

            .

 



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南海闲人

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