音域,(英文:Range,日文:声域【せいいき】),是指某一乐器或人声歌唱所能发出的最低音到最高音范围。

乐器的音域

不同的乐器有高低宽窄不同的音域,较多数的乐器如管乐器弦乐器在演奏音域边缘的声音时会比较困难,键盘乐器打击乐器则较无这类问题,因此通常可以有较宽广的音域。[1]

人声的音域

人的音域高低宽窄会因年龄性别、个人差异以及歌唱的训练而有些不同。在声乐中一般按音域的高低,分成女高音女中音女低音男高音男中音男低音声部

典型音域

Middle CMiddle Cgongvesselstubular belltubesglockenspielvibraphonecelestametallophonescrotalesplaquesxylophonemarimbaxylophone familysticks or barsidiophoneB drumA drumF drumC drumG drumD drumtimpanimembranophonepiccolo trumpettrumpetcornetbass trumpettrumpetsflugelhornalto horneuphoniumbaritone hornhorn (instrument)hornsalto trombonetenor trombonebass trombonecontrabass trombonetrombonescimbassotenor wagner tubabass tubacontrabass tubatubabrass instrumentOrgan (music)sopranino recordersoprano (descant) recorderalto recordertenor recorderbass recorderrecordersfipplepiccoloflutealto flutebass flutecontra-alto flutecontrabass flutesubcontrabass flutedouble contrabass flutehyperbass flutewestern concert flute familyside blownflutesharmonicaharmonicaaccordionharmoniumfree reedsopranissimo saxophonesopranino saxophonesoprano saxophonemezzo-soprano saxophonealto saxophonetenor saxophonebaritone saxbass saxophonecontrabass saxophonesubcontrabass saxophonesaxophone familysopranino clarinetsoprano clarinetalto clarinetbass clarinetcontra-alto clarinetcontrabass clarinetoctacontra-alto clarinetoctocontrabass clarinetclarinet familysingle reedoboeheckelphonecor anglaisoboesbassooncontrabassoonbassoonsexposeddouble reedwoodwind instrumentcymbalumhammered dulcimerpianostruck5-string banjomandolinguitarbass guitarharpsichordharpPlucked string instrumentviolinviolacellodouble bassviolin familybowedchordophonesopranomezzo-sopranoalto%20%28voice%29tenorbaritonebassohuman voice
  • 图表仅显示降到C0,虽然最低音单簧管英语Contrabass clarinet#Subcontrabass(subcontrabass clarinet)延伸到B♭低于C。也有一些管乐器,诸如Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ英语Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ#64-foot Diaphone-Dulzian延降到C−1(低于C0一个八度阶)。

参见

  • 应用音域英语Tessitura(Tessitura)
  • 汉语词典 (http://cd.hwxnet.com/view/ckkkefohhlodeiea.html)

注释

  1. ^ "Music theory online : musical instrument ranges & names", Brian Blood, Dolmetsch.com, 2009, webpage: Dolmetsch-M29.