集体歇斯底里,或称集体发疯,是一个社会学心理学术语,用来指因集体性的恐慌错觉通过谣言等方式迅速传播的现象。[1]医学上也用来指一人以上无意识的有类似实际症状的现象。[2][3]

常见的集体歇斯底里表现为一群人都相信他们患上了同样的疾病。[4]群体性心因性疾病或流行性歇斯底里。[5]

通常集体歇斯底里发生之初只有一个人因压力而导致患病或歇斯底里[6]随后其他人也表现出类似症状,典型的症状有恶心肌无力惊厥以及头痛[7]

参考文献

  1. ^ Little Green Men, Meowing Nuns and Head-Hunting Panics: A Study of Mass Psychogenic Illness and Social Delusion, Robert E. Bartholomew, 2001, McFarland Publishing
  2. ^ Bartholomew, Robert E.; Wessely, Simon. Protean nature of mass sociogenic illness: From possessed nuns to chemical and biological terrorism fears. British Journal of Psychiatry (Royal College of Psychiatrists). 2002, 180 (4): 300–306. PMID 11925351. doi:10.1192/bjp.180.4.300. Mass sociogenic illness mirrors prominent social concerns, changing in relation to context and circumstance. Prior to 1900, reports are dominated by episodes of motor symptoms typified by dissociation, histrionics and psychomotor agitation incubated in an environment of preexisting tension. Twentieth-century reports feature anxiety symptoms that are triggered by sudden exposure to an anxiety-generating agent, most commonly an innocuous odour or food poisoning rumours. 
  3. ^ Waller, John. Falling down. The Guardian (London). 18 September 2008. The recent outbreak of fainting in a school in Tanzania bears all the hallmarks of mass hysteria, says John Waller. But what causes it and why is it still happening around the world today? 
  4. ^ Bartholomew, Robert E.; Erich Goode. Mass Delusions and Hysterias: Highlights from the Past Millennium. Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. 2000, 24 (3) [2013-10-21]. (原始内容存档于2013-10-21).  已忽略未知参数|month=(建议使用|date=) (帮助);
  5. ^ Mass, Weir E.“Mass sociogenic illness.”CMAJ 172 (2005): 36. Web. 14 Dec. 2009.
  6. ^ Doubts raised over Melbourne airport scare. 27/04/2005. ABC News Online 互联网档案馆的存档,存档日期2010-03-29.
  7. ^ ACSH > Health Issues > 互联网档案馆的存档,存档日期2012-03-10.

外部链接

  • "Mass Hysteria." SelfhelpMagazine.com November 3, 2000.
  • Mass hysteria hits Malaysian school
  • Six hundred girls in Mexico suffer from collective hysteria
  • the memory palace podcast episode about mass hysteria incidents
  • Sri Lanka Mass Hysteria