浊硬颚塞音
ɟ
IPA编号 108
编码
HTML码(十进制) ɟ
Unicode码(十六进制) U+025F
X-SAMPA音标 J\
ASCII音标英语Kirshenbaum J
IPA盲文英语IPA Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
音频范例
来源 · 帮助
浊硬颚塞擦音
ɟ͡ʝ
IPA编号 108 139
编码
HTML码(十进制) ɟ​͡​ʝ
Unicode码(十六进制) U+025F U+0361 U+029D
X-SAMPA音标 J\_j\
音频范例
来源 · 帮助

浊硬颚塞音(voiced palatal stop、voiced palatal plosive)是子音的一种,其IPA符号为ɟ,而X-SAMPA符号则为J\

匈牙利语是少数有浊硬颚塞音的语言。/ɟ/一般被用来表示浊齿龈后塞擦音,例如在印度-雅利安语支内。或许是因为发音部位虽然不同,但塞音和塞擦音之间的差别并不明显之故。

特征

浊硬颚塞音的特征:

  • 本辅音是口腔辅音(口音),表示调音时空气只从口里流出。
  • 本辅音为中央辅音调音时气流在口腔的中央流过舌面,而不从两侧流过。

参考资料

  • Arvaniti, Amalia, Greek Phonetics: The State of the Art (PDF), Journal of Greek Linguistics, 2007, 8: 97–208, doi:10.1075/jgl.8.08arv, (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2013-12-11)  已忽略未知参数|citeseerx= (帮助)
  • Canellada, María Josefa; Madsen, John Kuhlmann, Pronunciación del español: lengua hablada y literaria, Madrid: Castalia, 1987, ISBN 978-8470394836 
  • Canepari, Luciano, Il MªPi – Manuale di pronuncia italiana [Handbook of Italian Pronunciation], Bologna: Zanichelli, 1992, ISBN 978-88-08-24624-0 (意大利语) 
  • Connell, Bruce; Ahoua, Firmin; Gibbon, Dafydd, Ega, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2002, 32 (1): 99–104, doi:10.1017/S002510030200018X 
  • Gimson, Alfred Charles, Cruttenden, Alan, 编, Gimson's Pronunciation of English 8th, Routledge, 2014, ISBN 9781444183092 
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  • Kolgjini, Julie M., Palatalization in Albanian: An acoustic investigation of stops and affricates (Ph.D.), The University of Texas at Arlington, 2004 
  • Ladefoged, Peter, Vowels and Consonants Second, Blackwell, 2005 
  • Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian. The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. 1996. ISBN 0-631-19814-8 (英语). 
  • Mannell, R.; Cox, F.; Harrington, J., An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology, Macquarie University, 2009 
  • Newmark, Leonard; Hubbard, Philip; Prifti, Peter R., Standard Albanian: A Reference Grammar for Students, Stanford University Press, 1982, ISBN 978-0-8047-1129-6 
  • Rafel, Joaquim, Aplicació al català dels principis de transcripció de l'Associació Fonètica Internacional (PDF) 3rd, Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans, 1999, ISBN 978-84-7283-446-0 
  • Recasens, Daniel; Espinosa, Aina, Articulatory, positional and coarticulatory characteristics for clear /l/ and dark /l/: evidence from two Catalan dialects, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2005, 35 (1): 1–25, doi:10.1017/S0025100305001878 
  • Sarlin, Mika, Sounds of Romanian and their spelling, Romanian Grammar 2nd, Helsinki: Books on Demand GmbH: 16–37, 2014 [First published 2013], ISBN 978-952-286-898-5 
  • Skjekkeland, Martin, Dei norske dialektane: Tradisjonelle særdrag i jamføring med skriftmåla, Høyskoleforlaget (Norwegian Academic Press), 1997 
  • Watson, Janet, The Phonology and Morphology of Arabic, New York: Oxford University Press, 2002 
  • Yanushevskaya, Irena; Bunčić, Daniel, Russian, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2015, 45 (2): 221–228, doi:10.1017/S0025100314000395